California has 58 counties and 482 incorporated cities across the state, each with the option to create its own rules or ban marijuana altogether. In this California Cannabis Countdown series, we plan to cover who is banning, who is waiting, and who is embracing California’s change to legalize marijuana — permits, regulations, taxes and all. For each city and county, we’ll discuss its location, history with cannabis, current law, and proposed law to give you a clearer picture of where to locate your cannabis business, how to keep it legal, and what you will and won’t be allowed to do.
Our last California Cannabis Countdown post was on Marin County, and before that, Nevada County, the City of Lynwood, the City of Coachella, Los Angeles County, the City of Los Angeles, the City of Desert Hot Springs, Sonoma County, the City of Sacramento, the City of Berkeley, Calaveras County, Monterey County and the City of Emeryville.
Welcome to the California Cannabis Countdown.
Yuba County has a very strict cannabis ordinance and a very active Sheriff’s department. Though at one point the County allowed up to 99 cannabis plants, after an influx of large-scale grows and complaints from locals about the “negative” impacts of cultivation on the community, their current regulations allow a maximum plant count of 12, regardless of acreage, and cultivation is limited to indoor, accessory structures. Attempts to change the ordinance through lawsuits and ballot measures have all failed so far.
Location. Yuba County is located in California’s Central Valley along the Feather River. It was one of the original counties of California formed when California became a state. It borders Nevada, Placer, and Butte Counties, which are all popular cannabis cultivation areas. The County lies along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada and a lot of agriculture businesses are located west of the mountains and include fruit orchards, rice fields, and cattle grazing.
History with Cannabis. On May 1, 2012, Yuba County adopted its first marijuana regulations under Ordinance No. 1518, which was later amended on December 18, 2012 by Ordinance No. 1522. The County’s first Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance allowed for both indoor and outdoor cultivation with maximum a plant count based on parcel size. No more than 18 plants were allowed on parcels less than one acre with up to 99 plants allowed on parcels 20 acres or more.
In 2014, following concerns from local citizens regarding the effects of marijuana cultivation and other factors, the Yuba County Board of Supervisors initiated a full review of its Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance.
On April 28, 2015, the Board passed Urgency Ordinance No. 1542, which repealed and reenacted the County’s Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance, establishing a complete ban on outdoor cultivation and allowing only limited indoor cultivation.
On June 7, 2016, voters in Yuba County voted to defeat two marijuana ballot measures. Measure A would have increased the number of medical marijuana plants that could be cultivated on parcels of land greater than one acre and allowed for cultivation of medical marijuana outdoors and within residences. Measure B would have established regulations for medical marijuana dispensaries and authorized the licensing of at least one dispensary per 20,000 residents to operate within the County, allowing four or five dispensaries based on the County’s 2015 population.
On November 8, 2016, voters in Yuba County voted to defeat Measure E, which would have allowed for commercial medical cannabis activity and established regulations for cultivation, manufacturing, distribution, and transportation of medical cannabis within the County.
Current Cannabis Laws.
Under Section 7.40.300 of the Yuba County Ordinance Code:
- Outdoor cultivation on any parcel is prohibited.
- Cultivation within a dwelling or any other structure used or intended for human habitation is prohibited.
- Cultivation of more than twelve (12) marijuana plants on any parcel is prohibited. This plant limitation applies regardless of the number of qualified patients or primary caregivers residing on the parcel or participating directly or indirectly in the cultivation. Further, this limitation applies notwithstanding any assertion that the person(s) cultivating marijuana are the primary caregiver(s) for qualified patients or that such person(s) are collectively or cooperatively cultivating marijuana.
Section 7.40.310 of the Code states that cannabis cultivation in unincorporated areas of the County may only occur on parcels with an occupied, legally established dwelling and shall be contained within the defined area of cultivation in one, single residential accessory structure affixed to the real property that: (1) meets the definition of “indoor;” (2) is located on the same parcel as the dwelling of a qualified patient or primary caregiver; and (3) complies with all provisions of the County code relating to accessory structures.
An “accessory structure” is defined under the County code as a separate and permitted building located on the same parcel as the residence and must meet several criteria listed under Section 7.40.320. Certain accessory structures may also be required to be surrounded by a solid fence that complies with Section 7.40.330 of the County code.
Marijuana cultivators in Yuba County must also register with the County. The cultivation of marijuana in any quantity upon any premises in unincorporated areas of Yuba County without first registering the cultivation and paying the required fee is declared unlawful and a public nuisance under Section 7.40.340.
In addition, under Section 7.40.140, it is the duty of every real property owner, whether or not he or she is in actual possession of the property, to prevent a public nuisance from arising on, or existing upon, his or her real property.
Proposed Cannabis Laws.
There are currently no proposed laws to change the cannabis ordinance in Yuba County. Attempts last year to repeal the County’s Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance through ballot measures were all defeated by the voters.
Current Cannabis Enforcement.
Efforts to fight against the Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance in Yuba County have so far been unsuccessful. In 2016, the Yuba Patient Coalition filed a lawsuit against the County arguing the County’s ordinance is unconstitutional and discriminatory, however the judge ruled in favor the County.
Though there is a ban on all outdoor cultivation and a 12 plant cap for indoor cultivation in accessory structures, cannabis cultivation still occurs in unincorporated areas of the County in violation of current laws. In response, the County has taken enforcement actions against marijuana cultivators and their landlords. On March 16, 2017, the Yuba County Sheriff’s Department raided several indoor marijuana grows seizing over 3,600 marijuana plants. Property owners who lease property to marijuana growers in Yuba County also face penalties of $100 per plant per day until the plant is removed, which in some cases has resulted in fines of over $200,000, as well as the risk of felony convictions.
Unless and until Yuba County changes its cannabis regulations, it is not a good place for a cannabis business.