California has 58 counties and 482 incorporated cities across the state, each with the option to create its own rules or ban marijuana altogether. In this California Cannabis Countdown series, we plan to cover who is banning, who is waiting, and who is embracing California’s change to legalize marijuana — permits, regulations, taxes and all. For each city and county, we’ll discuss its location, history with cannabis, current law, and proposed law to give you a clearer picture of where to locate your cannabis business, how to keep it legal, and what you will and won’t be allowed to do.
Our last California Cannabis Countdown post was on Yuba County, and before that, Marin County, Nevada County, the City of Lynwood, the City of Coachella, Los Angeles County, the City of Los Angeles, the City of Desert Hot Springs, Sonoma County, the City of Sacramento, the City of Berkeley, Calaveras County, Monterey County and the City of Emeryville.
Welcome to the California Cannabis Countdown.
Location. Ah, San Bernardino County, part of the fearsomely named Inland Empire. The county is located in southern California and it is the fifth most populous county in the state and the twelfth most populous county in the United States. With a geographical area covering 20,105 square miles, San Bernardino County is the largest county by area in the United States. When you fly into San Bernardino County for the first time you’ll probably take a second look at your ticket when you see Ontario as your destination. You will also notice the majestic San Gabriel Mountains and you’ll also feel the winds whipping off of them and making you wish you had driven and not flown.
History with Cannabis and Current Cannabis Laws. In 2011, the San Bernardino Board of Supervisors adopted ordinance No. 4140 banning medical marijuana dispensaries and outdoor cultivation in the Count’s unincorporated areas, with a minor exemption for one or two people to cultivate their own cannabis indoors. It wasn’t then surprising that the Board of Supervisors moved in 2016 to ban all commercial cannabis activities within San Bernardino County with ordinance 4309 (now Chapter 84.34 of the County Code). Section 84.34.040 of this new ordinance provides for the following exemptions:
The prohibition concerning commercial cannabis activity does not apply to a person with an identification card cultivating cannabis for his or her personal medical use or to a primary caregiver cultivating cannabis for the personal medical use of no more than five specified persons with identification cards, subject to the following requirements:
(a) The cannabis is not sold, distributed, donated, or provided to any other person or entity.
(b) A primary caregiver may only receive compensation in full compliance with Health and Safety Code § 11362.765, subdivision
(c) Cultivation may only be conducted indoors at the private residence of the person with an identification card or the primary caregiver of the person with an identification card.
(d) Cultivation shall be limited to no more than:
(1) Twelve cannabis plants per person with an identification card or primary caregiver per private residence; and,
(2) An aggregate total of 24 cannabis plants per private residence when more than one person with an identification card or primary caregiver lives at the private residence.
Proposed Cannabis Laws. Though San Bernardino County still stubbornly maintains a restrictive stance towards marijuana, the residents of the City of San Bernardino voted for Measure O on November 8, 2016. Measure O, known as the San Bernardino Regulate Marijuana Act of 2016, authorizes the City of San Bernardino to regulate both medical and recreational cannabis businesses consistent with California State law. Measure O’s implementation has however been delayed by two lawsuits asserting that its zoning restrictions too narrowly constrict the areas within the city in which a cannabis business can operate. Though it is unfortunate these lawsuits are delaying the issuance of City of San Bernardino cannabis licenses, it is at least good to see progress being made on cannabis in the Inland Empire. San Bernardino County and many of its cities still prohibit marijuana businesses but we see many other cities within the county and the rest of Inland Empire following the City of San Bernardino’s lead within the next year.