While the laws in these states make buying and possessing and using marijuana legal, they do not mean that you can now go to your job while under the influence of marijuana. The new cannabis laws in both states likely will have little to no impact on your rights as an employee.
Both Alaska and Oregon laws expressly make this clear. Alaska Ballot Measure 2, Sec. 17.38.120(a) provides as follows:
Nothing in this chapter is intended to require an employer to permit or accommodate the use, consumption, possession, transfer, display, transportation, sale or growing of marijuana in the workplace or to affect the ability of employers to have policies restricting the use of marijuana by employees.
Oregon Measure 91, Sec. 4(1) provides something similar:
Sections 3 to 70 of this Act may not be construed:
(1) To amend or affect in any way any state or federal law pertaining to employment matters.
This all means that employers that prohibit their employees from using or being under the influence of marijuana at work and even those that test their employees for marijuana will be free to continue to do so. Employers also won’t be required to make exceptions for their employees who use medicinal or recreational marijuana as an accommodation for a disability under laws like the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”).
Even in states where medical or recreational marijuana is legal, employers are free to perform drug tests on their employees. They are also free to insist on a drug-free work place.
Recent court decisions in Washington, Oregon, and California, among other states, have upheld the employer’s right to deny employment to cannabis users and to discipline or terminate employees for marijuana use, even if the employee is using medical marijuana under state law. Employers may not only test for impairment on the job; they also may test for marijuana use, even if that use occurred weeks prior and has zero impact on job performance. Colorado appears to be the same.
After Washington legalized cannabis, the city of Seattle notified its workers that it would maintain a drug-free workplace. The city justified this stance because it receives federal funding and, under federal law, marijuana is still illegal. Ultimately, Seattle does not want to put its federal funding at risk. Many employers, particularly big companies and governmental bodies in the public safety, transportation, and manufacturing industries, are doing the same.
Even residual amounts of marijuana in your system can be grounds for job termination if your employer takes a hardline stance with its drug policy. If you consume marijuana in your home in accordance with state law, you can still be fired if your employer maintains a drug-free workplace. In order to know your rights in the context of marijuana use, be sure to take a look at your employer’s HR policies. If you plan to keep your job, marijuana consumption may not be an option.