Two years ago we did a post, Top Ten Dubious Claims About Marijuana, listing “legalization will lead to more marijuana in the hands of children and unfettered access for all” as the first dubious claim. A new survey from the Washington Department of Health shows we were right to doubt the legitimacy of that claim as teen marijuana use has not increased after legalization.
The survey collected data from roughly 230,000 Washington students and showed 26% of 12th graders, 17% of 10th graders, and 6% of 8th graders reported using marijuana in the last 30 days. The graph below from Vox shows that marijuana use among Washington State teens has not increased since cannabis became legal in 2012.
The teen numbers in Washington are consistent with what has happened in Colorado as well, where a study showed teen use in that state remained steady after Colorado legalized marijuana, also in 2012.
Prohibitionists love claiming that legalizing cannabis will increase adolescent use, but really, why should it? States that have legalized recreational marijuana track the plant from seed to sale. Sales require the purchaser show ID and a retail store that sells to minors can lose its license. A well-functioning legal market should and does reduce unlawful diversions to kids. We predict that as legalization spreads, it will become increasingly difficult for adolescents to get access to cannabis. We also predict that as cannabis becomes normalized, its “coolness” factor will decrease and that too will lead to a decline in teen usage.
When Washington legalization advocates argued for Initiative 502 to legalize marijuana they touted a regulatory regime that would lead to responsible cannabis use. This study on teen use supports the notion that Washington is achieving its goal of providing a forum where adults can enjoy cannabis recreationally without giving increased access to teens. A well-regulated cannabis market does not harm society the way legalization opponents would have you believe. If you care about facts and if you want your state’s policies to be based on facts and not politics or myth, you should take heart from the above statistics.